Las terapias visuales en España no empezaron hace 5 años sino hace 21

LAS TERAPIAS VISUALES EN ESPAÑA NO EMPEZARON HACE 5 AÑOS SINO HACE 21 EN LA ESCUELA UNIVERSITARIA DE ÓPTICA DE TERRASSA, BARCELONA, COMO ASIGNATURA DE SU PLAN DOCENTE DE OPTOMETRÍA

Si bien me jubilé en el año 2010 como funcionario del estado español (profesor titular de Optometría y Contactología) continúo “estudiando” lo que se escribe en distintos medios informativos y también dedico muchas horas a leer las nuevas tecnologías aplicadas a las ciencias visuales y a escribir mis experiencias como profesional docente y como profesional sanitario al cuidado primario de la salud visual en Catalunya.

Con sorpresa he visto que en el blog del IMO (Instituto de Microcirugía Ocular) de Barcelona se publica una entrevista con el Dr. Robert Sanet, optometrista americano a quién conocí hace años. En esta entrevista se dice que “las terapias visuales empezaron en España hace 5 años”.

No estoy de acuerdo con tal afirmación puesto que ya en 1978 utilizaba este sistema en Barcelona. A partir de 1983 como profesor de optometría de la antigua Escuela Universitaria de Óptica ya ofrecía terapias visuales a los hijos de los profesores de la Escuela de Ingenieros con la que compartía edificio, y además los conocimientos de optometría que impartía a sus discentes se denominaba Optometría Behavioral (Conductual). Cientos de alumnos recibieron en Terrassa la filosofía científica del pionero de la Optometría Comportamental en USA, el Dr. Arthur Marten Skeffington, mientras que en otras ciudades lejos de Catalunya solamente se impartía una filosofía totalmente diferente, la VISIOLOGÍA procedente de Canadá y Francia. A mi homóloga en Optometría en la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, la profesora Vicky Sarfati, le consta este hecho.

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paciente niño con bola de marsden2 OFICIALMENTE, los entrenamientos o ejercicios visuales se empezaron a enseñar en nuestra Universidad Politècnica de Catalunya en 1993 con el nombre de TERAPIAS VISUALES (código 14113 de la asignatura, con 3 créditos o 30 horas de clases teóricas y prácticas) y después con el nombre de TERAPIAS VISUALES OPTOMÉTFRICAS (código de la asignatura 14064, con 6 créditos o 60 horas de clases teóricas y prácticas), según la Resolución 130 del BOLENTÍN OFICIAL DEL ESTADO, BOE 16 DE 19/01/1994.

tv3Los alumnos de la Escuela Universitaria de Óptica y Optometría de Terrassa no solamente recibían sus clases prácticas en el centro docente sino que además acudían al Instituto Boston de Oftalmología en Barcelona dirigido por el médico oftalmólogo Dr. ANtonio Henríquez de Gaztañondo para adquirir experiencias de sus profesores Carlos Luis Saona Santos y Montserrat Augé Serra que mediante convenio con nuestra UPC atendíamos pacientes reales y con disfunciones visuales. Incluso acudían alumnos portugueses de optometría de la Universidade do Minho ya que varios profesores de Optometría y Contactología de Terrassa fuimos a impartir clases de optometría y contactología al iniciarse los estudios de optometría en Portugal. Y esto ocurría a principios de los noventa del siglo pasado.

ejercicio de movimientos con niño

En el 2000 fui invitado por el médico director del Instituto Oftalmológico Integral (Clínica Corachán), el Prof. Dr. Jesús Costa Vila, a proporcionar servicios profesionales en el área de exámenes visuales comportamentales, terapias visuales, rehabilitación visual, ortóptica y pleóptica. Que se sepa, en ese año fue la segunda clínica oftalmológica en Barcelona que proporcionó en Barcelona terapias visuales a sus pacientes pediátricos y geriátricos con disfunciones visuales y perceptuales, estrabismo y ambliopía, servicios que sigue prestando en la actualidad en esa y otras clínicas pertenecientes actualmente a ADMIRAVISIÓN.

optometrista y oftalmólogo

Rótulo de la sala clínica del Profesor Saona

TV4

En el 2006 fui invitado por el IMO dirigido por el médico oftalmólogo Corcostegui, a través del profesor Francisco Simó Sospedra, a dar una conferencia de 2 horas sobre las TERAPIAS VISUALES. Al parecer, los Dres. Corcostegui y Gil Gibernau estaban muy interesados en conocer el contenido del programa de la asignatura Terapias Visuales Optométricas que se daba en nuestro centro porque, según los oftalmólogos estabn muy sorprendidos que algunos optometristas ejercientes estaban enseñando a “gatear” y otros reflejos a los niños.

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Finalmente tuve que abandonar la clínica oftalmológica del Prof. Dr. Jesús Costa Vila proporcionándome un certificado de los servicios profesionales que había prestado en la Plaza Corachán No.4, primera planta y consulta No.114, servicios que se siguen prestando a sus pacientes pediátricos y geriátricos que sufren de síntomas por disfunciones visuales y perceptuales.

La historia es una ciencia que sirve para narrar de forma objetiva sucesos o hechos tal como ocurrieron en nuestro pasado, ni más ni menos.

Carlos Luis Saona Santos

Profesor de Optometría

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya

Barcelona, 23 de Octubre de 2014

 

Nota: Pinchar cada imagen para verla con mayor aumento y nitidez

17 thoughts on “Las terapias visuales en España no empezaron hace 5 años sino hace 21

  1. Quiero ser testimonio de las palabras del prof. Carlos Luis Saona Santos, OD, que fue mi profesor en la Escola Universitària d’Òptica i Optometria de Terrassa (la actual Facultat d’Òptica i Optometria de Terrassa, FOOT) durante los años 1984 a 1987.

    Con él tuvimos la gran oportunidad de conocer en profundidad el análisis visual optométrico de la OEP (el examen de los 21 puntos) y las teorías sobre el estrés en visión próxima como desencadenante de las dificultades visuales que pueden interferir en el aprendizaje. Todo el conocimiento derivado de las teorías de A.M. Skeffington, padre de la optometría comportamental, que el prof. Saona nos transmitió, sirvió a muchos de nosostros para profundizar en las causas de los problemas visuales, lo que nos ha conducido a desarrollar nuestra trayectoria profesional en el campo de Visión y Aprendizaje.

    Como formación de postgrado, también he sido alumna del prof. Dr. Robert Sanet y la prof. Pilar Vergara, dieciocho años más tarde, en la tercera promoción del Curso de Alta Especialización en Optometria y Terapia Visual, que también tuvo lugar en Terrassa. Con grata sorpresa comprobé que el paradigma de Optometria Comportamental que nos presentaba el prof. Sanet era el que ya estábamos practicando algunos de los asistentes que habíamos estudiado con el prof. Saona.

    Con el Prof Sanet conocimos la nueva instrumentación y los nuevos planteamientos, tal como ha evolucionado esta disciplina a lo largo de estos años… contando con la sólida base que adquirimos en la Escola Universitaria d’Optica i Optometria en nuestros años de estudio, gracias a un pionero, el prof. Saona que en aquél momento, se atrevía a hablar de estrés relacionándolo con la visión, y de entrenamientos visuales que mejoraban el rendimiento global de la persona!

    En los dos cuadernos científicos publicados por el Col·legi Oficial d’Òptics i Optometristes de Catalunya, los monográficos Visión y Aprendizaje I (2013) y Visión y Aprendizaje II (2014) que hemos escrito Montse Augé y yo misma, en la sección de agradecimientos, podréis hallar un tributo tanto al profesor que inició la andadura de la optometría comportamental en la década de los 80, como al profesor que ha retomado el hilo mediante la formación de postgrado en la primera década del siglo XXI.

    Mi gratitud a todos aquellos Maestros que nos ayudan a construir el conocimento y a aplicarlo en el servicio a los demás!

  2. Me uno a las palabras de mi compañera Marta para agradecer profundamente la labor de los docentes en general y la de Carlos Saona en particular, y doy fe de que ya en el año 1987 (el de mi promoción) dábamos terapias visuales en el último curso de la diplomatura. Desde aquellos años hasta hoy las cosas han cambiado mucho, algunas para mejor, pero está claro que sin aquella primera semilla y los conocimientos vertidos con el paso del tiempo, no estaríamos donde estamos. Gracias Carlos por toda una vida dedicada a la enseñanza de la Optometria!

  3. Querido carlos, me alegró mucho verte en la presentación d emi nuevo libro.Como ya te dije por email, siento mucho que el IMo haya cometido un error en la publicación, NUNCA ha dicho eso el Dr Sanet, yo misma llevo 25 años y çe´más de 40 con lo que está claro que e suna errata , son más de 65 años que lleva la terapiaviualimplantada en USA, en España, al menos 30 o 40 , por tanto te rogaría que pongas al cesar lo que es del cesar y al Rey lo que es del Rey.Nunca a dicho el Dr Sanet semejante afirmación y no es justo que quede en internet como si lo hubiera dicho.
    Un abrazo y gracias por todos los años dedicados a la Optometría , es usted un ejemplo para muchos d enosotros
    con cariño
    Pilar Vergara

  4. Querido carlos, me alegró mucho verte en la presentación d emi nuevo libro.Como ya te dije por email, siento mucho que el IMo haya cometido un error en la publicación, NUNCA ha dicho eso el Dr Sanet, yo misma llevo 25 años y çe´más de 40 con lo que está claro que e suna errata , son más de 65 años que lleva la terapiaviualimplantada en USA, en España, al menos 30 o 40 , por tanto te rogaría que pongas al cesar lo que es del cesar y al Rey lo que es del Rey.Nunca a dicho el Dr Sanet semejante afirmación y no es justo que quede en internet como si lo hubiera dicho.
    Un abrazo y gracias por todos los años dedicados a la Optometría , es usted un ejemplo para muchos d enosotros
    con cariño
    Pilar Vergara

  5. Querido Carlos, me alegró mucho verte en la presentación d e mi nuevo libro.Como ya te dije por email, siento mucho que el IMO haya cometido un error en la publicación, NUNCA ha dicho eso el Dr Sanet, yo misma llevo 25 años y sanet´más de 40 con lo que está claro que e s una errata , son más de 65 años que lleva la terapia visual implantada en USA, en España, al menos 30 o 40 , por tanto te rogaría que pongas al cesar lo que es del cesar y al Rey lo que es del Rey.Nunca a dicho el Dr Sanet semejante afirmación y no es justo que quede en internet como si lo hubiera dicho.
    Un abrazo y gracias por todos los años dedicados a la Optometría , es usted un ejemplo para muchos d e nosotros.
    con cariño
    Pilar Vergara

  6. Fué un placer oirte y me alegro que te hayas lanzado a escribir. En cuanto al feo asunto con el Dr Sanet quien debería aclararlo es el Dr Sanet y el IMO. Siempre he aborrecido el protagonismo y de verdad ojalá no hubiera tenido que hacer público lo que hice en el pasado por esta profesión pero estaba en entredicho el prestigio que obtuvo mi centro educativo. En 1988 ese centro cumplió 20 años de existencia y tuve el honor de presentar una conferencia que se denominó LA VISIÓN Y EL RENDIMIENTO ESCOLAR, conferencia que fue publicada en la revista Ver y Oir. Expuse la teoría de Skeffington con imágenes y se habló de las terapias y como anécdota dije que “las terapias visuales optométricas era el futuro de los optómetras españoles”.
    Un cordial saludo
    Carlos

  7. Estimado Carlos:
    Observo con satisfacción que el IMO ya ha rectificado su error en la entrevista con el DR.Sanet.
    Supongo que me recordará como alumna suya, espero que con tanto cariño como yo le recuerdo a usted. Cierto, el IMO ha rectificado, pero a mi parecer, tan sólo parcialmente.
    Yo fui alumna de D.Carlos Saona, promoción del 89. En un país donde la Optometría estaba en pañales, Saona no sólo introdujo Las técnicas americanas, sino que las fue evolucionando y haciéndolas suyas. No es cuestión de que la optometría naciera en España hace 30 años, la cuestión indudable es que Carlos Saona Santos fue el pionero indiscutible de esta especialidad en nuestro país.
    Independientemente de las asignaturas de la diplomatura, Optomería I, Optometría II, prácticas de Optometría Clínica y Contactología, este señor se molestó en enseñar a quien realmente tuviera vocación y ganas de trabajar, en su departamento durante 8 horas diarias, con pacientes reales y ensayos clínicos.
    Yo fui una alumna que tuve el honor de trabajar con Carlos durante ese año y me envió posteriormente al Instituto Boston de Oftalmología, que se encontraba si mal no recuerdo en la calle Madrazo.
    Llevo 26 años dedicándome a la optometría clínica. Con 2 master a mis espaldas y tantos años de recorrido, me sigue apasionando mi trabajo.
    Recuerdo que Carlos hacía especial inciso entre refraccionistas y optometristas, desde luego los primeros optometristas nacieron de su mano, bien formados, bien preparados y bien resueltos a seguir practicando, trabajando y desarrollando un camino que nos mostró hace (en mi caso) 26 años.
    Hoy en día, cuando mis pacientes me muestran su agradecimiento, sigo señalando la foto de esa vieja orla y les muestro quien fue mi mentor.
    Pionero en este campo en nuestro país, desde luego. Pionero en la calidad de la enseñanza de la Optometría, también.
    Efectivamente, a Dios lo que es de Dios y al César lo que es del César.
    Un fortísimo abrazo,

    Isabel Llapart.

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